Back to reality. Today I will show you a very interesting place in Lanzarote. Salinas de Janubio. On the main road to Playa Blanca, a descent leads to the ” Salinas de Janubio, “one of the largest salt evaporation plant in Spain. In the 19th century were won here up to 10,000 tons of crude salt, today it is only partially operational since the production is very complicated and too expensive. The historical background to the current saline can be traced back to a wasteland in the field that were grown spices such as wheat, rye, barley and maize. This is little known, since Janubio begins to be configured as saline in 1895. Lots of sea salt was prepared in many areas on the Canaries in years gone by drying out the sea water under the hot sun. The salt here was used for preserving the fish caught off the shores. The salt it produced would also have been used in the curing of meat and domestic products, as well as the treatment of hides. This continues to be the only commercial salt works on the island, although the amount produces these days is only a fraction of what was produced in the past.
The creation of Las Salinas de Janubio began in 1895 with D. Vincent Lleó Benlliure, which the witness seat to his nephew D. Jaime Lleó Watch, which works with the family Sardinia and Don Ginés Díaz who continued development to complete in mid-1945.
Las Salinas of Janubio have always been linked to the fishing industry and of salting and preserved fish. Another sector they are engaged, is the conservation of the brine, for the conservation of fish on board vessels until it reaches a port.
Used also by the artisanal fishing fleet island and the tuna fleet Basque Country. Today is also marketed for the internal market of the island.
The Salinas de Janubio is also popular with birdwatchers as there is a whole host of birdlife to be seen, including the Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus) which is common in Salinas de Janubio .
To the south there is a large beach with lots of black sand, but if you go swimming you need to be aware of the very strong currents here.
The red salt makers is due to a small red crustacean, the brine shrimp, although there is also an algae responsible for that color, Dunaliella salina. Bacteria H. salinarum and H. halobium also provide this color hue, especially in high salinity concentrations. In addition to these bodies are also found in the salt waters around organimos called Archaea.
The pond where is the salt was created by volcanic eruptions that created a lava barrier between the sea and the lagoon which currently has a circumference of about 1000m and an average depth of about 3 meters.
Surrounded by the tail volcanic Timanfaya, and the black sand beach Janubio, an explosion of multicolored full fascinating subtleties… I really think it’s worth a walk up there when you are on the island.
- el golfo (absolutewinter.wordpress.com)